Solid wood is a living, breathing material. It ages over time like any natural material. Natural solid wood has characteristics which include knots, variations in grain, and color differences. Seasoning and drying the wood reduces splitting and warping, but some natural movement is to be expected. Changes in climate and weather cause solid wood furniture to move.
Natural character includes cracks within the wood, knots, mineral deposits, inclusions, as well as grain and pigment variations. Variations in height, width or depth for all pieces may vary by as much as one inch. Sometimes filler or a wood patch is required. These character marks are concealed and/or incorporated into the natural distressing of the product. They do not interfere with the structural integrity of the piece, but instead give each piece its unique character.
Knots are imperfections that happen during the growth of the tree.
Grain Differences are caused by the way the tree is cut. Each board will have a different grain direction. There are several types of cuts. Each different type of cut aids in the durability of a piece as well as affects how much wood is used. Some common types that you may have heard of are: Plain Sawn, Quarter Sawn and Rift Sawn.
Natural Color Variations are created during the tree growth. Depending on where the piece was positioned within the tree will determine the color. Lighter pieces were closer to the bark while the darker pieces were closer to the center of the tree.
Check out a few of HTD‘s pieces that are constructed from Solid Hardwood.